Golf Course Planning
Golf courses can be planned to provide and maintain natural habitat that may serve as wildlife sanctuaries and wildlife corridors for many species. Audubon International provides a certification program for golf courses which includes varying levels of participation. Pesticides can be detrimental to fish and wildlife species. Natural biocontrol methods should be incorporated into the course management plan, where possible. It is also advisable to use non-phosphate fertilizers on a minimal schedule along with improved turf grasses that require less fertilizer and maintenance.
Open water areas should be planned with littoral shelf design similar to storm water ponds that provide foraging, nesting, breeding habitat and cover for wildlife species. Open water areas can be varied to include ephemeral pools for pond-breeding amphibian species. Incorporating bat houses, amphibian habitat, bird habitat, and carnivorous plants can aid in the control of mosquito populations naturally.
Underpass and low water crossings can be incorporated to allow wildlife movement and maintain natural hydrologic flow through wetlands, rivers, and streams. Bird habitat may include incorporating nest boxes and perches into the design for nesting bird species. Xeriscaping with native plant species may reduce water consumption and provide greater drought tolerance